What Do Female Hormones Have to Do with Pain & Pain Medications?
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SUNY Downstate Researchers Identify Possible New Targets for Treating Pain in Women | Spinal Synthesis of Estrogen and Concomitant Signaling by Membrane Estrogen Receptors Regulate Spinal κ- and μ-Opioid Receptor Heterodimerization and Female-Specific Spinal Morphine Antinociception