Migraine & Gastroparesis: Nausea, Vomiting and Diarrhea
Last updated: March 2023
Although migraine disease is typically thought of as a pain condition, there are other very distinctive symptoms of migraine, including stomach problems.
Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea are very common among people with migraine disease. These symptoms are part of a condition known as gastroparesis.
What is gastroparesis?
A common misconception is that people experiencing a migraine attack vomit because they are in so much pain. The truth is that nausea, vomiting and diarrhea are distinct symptoms of migraine disease just like sensitivity to light or sound or one-sided head pain.
Gastroparesis is the medical term for a condition in which the stomach muscles do not properly contract to propel food through the stomach. It causes the stomach to either empty too quickly or to hold the food consumed in the stomach for longer than normal.
Gastroparesis and migraine
It is a component of migraine disease, but can also be experienced by people who do not have migraine attacks. Gastroparesis is responsible for the nausea, vomiting and diarrhea and also keeps the stomach from properly processing pills for migraine treatment and getting it into the bloodstream in a rapid time frame.
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