Migraine-related vertigo symptoms: an introduction
When a migraine sufferer experiences vertigo, they feel like they are spinning or moving when in fact, they are still. Migraine-related vertigo may also happen along with nausea and vomiting. When vertigo occurs as a migraine symptom, it is called migrainous vertigo or vestibular migraine. Migraine is responsible for more cases of vertigo than any other medical condition. Studies show that about 25 percent to 30 percent of migraine sufferers experience vertigo.
A person’s sense of balance is controlled by the inner ear. However, the cause of vertigo in people with migraine hasn’t been proven. One suggestion is that a defect in the calcium channels of the brain and inner ear may be responsible for the migraine pain and the balance issues related to vertigo.
How to tell if you have vertigo or motion sickness
Because vertigo and motion sickness are similar, sometimes it may be difficult to tell which you are experiencing. If your nausea and dizziness get better or go away once you stop moving, then you have motion sickness. If the spinning feelings continue, even when you are being still, then it is considered vertigo.
Migraines and Vertigo
These migraine symptoms can happen along with migraine pain or the migraine dizziness can occur without pain. People with migraines can experience vertigo before, during or after migraine pain. The migraine-associated vertigo can happen with or without movement. Symptoms may last for a few seconds or a few days. The attacks often occur in clusters, starting and stopping for a period of time.
Vertigo with migraine is very common. After vision changes, vertigo is the most frequent symptom reported by migraine sufferers who experience migraine with aura. People with migraines are more likely to experience dizziness than those without migraines. These symptoms sometimes strike in childhood with brief vertigo attacks – then as adults many children with these symptoms develop migraines.
Researchers have studied the relationship between migraine and vertigo since the 1800s.
Symptoms of migraines and vertigo
- Dizzy spells
- Sense of spinning, whirling, tilting, rocking, falling or motion
- Sensitivity to motion, particularly head movement
- Visual motion sensitivity, or feeling motion sickness after seeing something move
- Motion sickness
- Lightheaded feeling
- Pressure or stuffiness in ears
When vertigo is severe, it can cause difficulty standing or walking.
A study of 47 people who experienced migraine with aura found that 32 percent listed vertigo as a symptom.
In a 2004 study of 20 migraine sufferers who experienced vertigo, almost all of them 19 experienced nausea. The next most common symptom was light sensitivity, also called photophobia, experienced by 14; and head pain was reported by 13.