Migraine is More Than Head Pain: The Many Symptoms of Migraine

Those who have never had a migraine tend to think of it as a raging headache. While sympathetic folks may understand that the pain is awful, even they don’t realize that a migraine is not only a headache. While it is certainly a major aspect, pain is one of many symptoms of migraine. The pain is a big deal, but it is only a small part of this neurological disorder that impacts the entire body. Migraine: The Complete Guide, a book published by the American Headache Society in 1994, has the most comprehensive list I’ve found. Though the book is old and no longer available this list is invaluable.

Visual Aura (before the pain begins)

  • a bright shape that spreads across the visual field of one eye and appears to block some or all of the vision; can be seen whether the eye is open or closed
  • flashes of light and color
  • wavy lines
  • geometric patterns
  • blurred vision
  • partial loss of sight



  • partial paralysis
  • weakness or heaviness in the limbs on one side of the body



Fluid disturbances

  • increased thirst
  • frequent urination
  • bloating/fluid retention


  • fatigue, lethargy
  • mood changes
  • irritability
  • high energy
  • depression
  • anxiety
  • nervousness
  • euphoria, feeling of intense well-being


  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • intolerance of food odors
  • loss of appetite
  • diarrhea
  • constipation


  • paleness
  • cold, clammy hands and feet
  • facial swelling
  • goose bumps
  • bloodshot eyes
  • black circles around eyes
  • sweating



  • changes in blood chemistry
  • changes in blood pressure
  • blood vessel dilation
  • difficulty regulating temperature
  • changes in heart rhythms

Though quite detailed, this list is by no means complete. I can add dizziness and trembling. What about you? Which of these symptoms do you have? Do you have other symptoms not listed here?

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