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Migraine attacks can have a range of symptoms. These migraine symptoms vary from person to person. Some people with migraine reported fever during migraine.


Fever may be a sign of a more serious or life-threatening condition such as stroke, meningitis or encephalitis. Seek immediate medical assistance if you experience fever, particularly if the fever comes along with stiff neck, problems speaking, lack of balance, facial weakness, weakness in the arms or legs or fainting.

Definition of fever

For an adult, when the body’s temperature is at or above 100 degrees Fahrenheit, it is considered a fever. For children, the temperature is considered fever depending on where it is taken.

Children have a fever when the temperature is at or above:

  • Rectally 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit
  • Orally 99.5 degrees Fahrenheit
  • Under Arm 99 degrees Fahrenheit

Can migraine cause fever?

It is difficult to say what causes different migraine symptoms. Sometimes symptoms that occur are caused by the same bodily functions that cause migraine pains. In other cases, the symptoms can be because of another disorder or ailment that occurs at the same time as the migraine attack. In some cases, people with migraine say they experience a fever when they have migraine attacks.

Studies on migraine and fever

One study of 1,787 children with migraine in Rome between 1981 and 1995 found that 9 percent had fever.

Other factors that can cause fever

  • Heat exhaustion
  • A woman’s menstrual cycle
  • Arthritis
  • Viral or bacterial infection
  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Certain medications
  • Vasculitis, inflammation of blood vessels
  • Ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease
  • Immunizations
  • Teething in infants
  • Certain cancers
  • Strong emotions
  • Physical activity
  • Blood clots
  • Elevated room temperature
  • High humidity
  • Heavy clothing
  • Time of day – temperature is typically higher in the evening


Keeping a migraine journal

Managing migraine symptoms can be helped by keeping an accurate account of each migraine attack in your migraine journal. Rate the severity of your symptoms, how often they occur and how long they last. This will help determine what your migraine triggers are as well as help you prepare to treat migraine before the pain becomes too severe. Your migraine journal will also help you discuss your symptoms with your migraine specialist.

Written by: Otesa Miles | Last review date: November 2010