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Migraine Types

Migraine is a word used to describe a wide range of related disorders. They are the most common cause of daily head pain, afflicting more than 87 percent of people who complain of daily head pain. The World Health Organization ranks migraine as the 19th most common cause of disability worldwide.

There are several different types of migraine, which are diagnosed based on the symptoms experienced. Some are triggered by changing seasons or hormonal changes in women. Others only cause symptoms in the stomach.

In the 2018 In America survey, 4,356 respondents shared their migraine diagnosis. Chronic migraine was the most prevalent diagnosis with over 7 in 10 reporting being diagnosed with chronic migraine by a healthcare professional.

The International Headache Society has developed one of the most well-known classification systems for migraine and headache, called the International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD). The ICHD-III defines migraine as one of the main types of primary headaches, along with other headaches types such as tension headaches and trigeminal autonomic cephalagias.

Specific migraine types recognized by the ICHD-III include:

Written by: Otesa Miles | Revised by: Kristine Zerkowski | Last reviewed: August 2014.
Headache Classification Committee of the International Headache Society (IHS). The International Classification of Headache Disorders, 3rd edition (beta version). Cephalalgia. 2013;33(9):629-808.